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Iwona Fortuna-Kawalec Katarzyna Tomaszewska Zbigniew Kopański Andrzej Suszek Oleh Nadashkevych Snigana Sokolnyk

Abstract

Introduction. Haemodialysis is a procedure to purify the blood of a person whose kidney functions are impaired. In order to perform haemodialysis it is necessary to have properly functioning vascular access. The durability and quality of vascular access is primarily affected by its proper care. Caring for vascular access is the responsibility not only of qualified nursing staff, but also of the patient himself.
The aim of the study. The main aim of the study is to assess the level of knowledge in the field of vascular access care that haemodialysed persons have.
Material and methods. The study included 110 adults undergoing haemodialysis procedures at two Dialysis Stations of Diaverum. A diagnostic survey was used to carry out the study, with the use of a research tool in the form of a self-reported questionnaire. Statistical analysis of the results was performed using the method of descriptive statistics. The differences between the variables were verified using the Pearson's χ2 independence test, assuming the statistical significance level p < 0.05.
Results. Hemodialyzed patients most often gained their knowledge about vascular access care from medical staff (mainly nurses). Among the demographic factors studied, only living alone or with a family, the duration of kidney disease and the duration of haemodialysis treatment had a statistically significant impact on the level of respondents' knowledge of the principles of vascular access care and the role of the conducted pharmacological treatment.
Results and conclusions: Hemodialyzed patients most often gained their knowledge about vascular access care from medical staff (mainly nurses).
Among the demographic factors studied, only living alone or with a family, the duration of kidney disease and the duration of haemodialysis treatment had a statistically significant impact on the level of respondents' knowledge of the principles of vascular access care and the role of the conducted pharmacological treatment.

Keywords: hemodialysis, vascular access care, surveys

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