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Elżbieta Wójcik Zbigniew Kopański Andriy Holyachenko Andrzej Suszek Lukas Kober

Abstract

Introduction. Mentally ill people, due to stigmatisation in society, have significant problems in both professional and private spheres, mainly due to the reduction of interpersonal contacts. As a result, their quality of life is generally lower than that of mentally ill people.
The aim of the study. The aim of this work was to assess the quality of life and social functioning of people with mental disorders.
Materials and methods. In the study 56 men 44 women took part. The scale of social functioning of Max Birchwood was used for the assessment of demographic background and social functioning of the studied people, while the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire was used for the assessment of quality of life.
Results. The general level of social functioning of most of the examined mental patients was abnormal. The examined patients were best evaluated in the category of possible independence, i.e. in terms of their real assessment of their own ability to cope in everyday life. Also their potential possibility of taking up employment was highly evaluated. The weakest respondents coped with their free time. The quality of their lives was most often assessed at an average level, and most of them were also not satisfied with their current state of health. The respondents functioned better from an environmental and social point of view than from a psychological and somatic one. Women were better able to evaluate their own quality of life and health, and age was not a factor determining this evaluation. Better educated people functioned better in the environmental field. The assessment of the quality of life of the respondents was reflected in the evaluation of their social functioning.
Conclusions. The general level of social functioning of the examined patients is low. The functioning on the level of the norm, accepted for healthy people, is presented by one in ten respondents on average. Among the assessed categories of social functioning of the examined patients, the highest was evaluated in the categories of possible independence and leaving the isolation. The lowest rating was given to them in the categories of recreation and entertainment and realized independence. The surveyed patients are most often not able to clearly assess the quality of their life, more often considering it worse than better and at the same time the majority are not satisfied with the current state of their health. Among the assessed categories of social functioning of the examined patients, the highest was in the
categories of possible independence and coming out of isolation, the lowest in the categories of recreation and entertainment and
realized independence. The quality of life of the examined patients was rated highest in the environmental field, although the scores obtained in this category were below half of the maximum number of points to be scored. Gender and education levels have a significant impact on quality of life. Women had a higher quality of life in social terms than men (p=0.020), and better educated people achieved a higher quality of life in the environmental domain (p=0.002). The better the general level of social functioning of the examined patients, the better their quality of life.

Keywords: mental health disorders, scale of social functioning of Max Birchwood, quality of life assessment - WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire

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