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Elżbieta Wójcik Zbigniew Kopański Agnieszka Roszczypała Oleh Nadashkevych Lukas Kober

Abstract

Introduction. Man is a social being and, as such, he functions in different roles, groups, relations or communities, he is an integral part of the surrounding world, with which he must constantly communicate. Society needs an individual to be able to define his or her life goals, ways of daily life, patterns of behaviour. It is in society that the individual satisfies his or her needs and can develop. Human relationships with the environment are characterized by, among others, social skills, social adaptation or wider social functioning.
Aim of the study. The aim of this work was to present the social issues of significance and perception of mental illness, to draw attention to the stereotypical social vision of a mental illness patient, to outline forms of organization of care for people with mental disorders, and to the issues of quality of life of mental illness patients.
Selection of materials. The search was conducted in the Scopus database for the period 2006-2020, using the concepts of mental illness, social perception of illness, social stereotypes of vision of a mental illness patient. The literature found in the Google Scholar database was analysed for the highest number of quotations. From such a selection of literature, studies were selected which, in the opinion of the authors, would be most useful in the preparation of this study.
Conclusions. The pursuit of happiness and life's satisfaction is one of man's main aspirations. The effect of these actions depends on the current state of satisfaction of given needs, which mainly determines the full satisfaction of an individual. The method of assessing satisfaction or lack of satisfaction uses elements of subjective evaluation of a patient. Research on the quality of life concerns precisely these subjective feelings of patients and looking at the disease from their perspective. Quality of life assessment is a measure of the life situation.

Keywords: mental illness, social perception of illness, social stereotypes of vision of a mental illness patient

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