Agnieszka Rafalak Zbigniew Kopański Małgorzata Schlegel-Zawadzka Bożena Grygiel Margita Kollárová


Introduction. At a time of progressing changes, both in the field of medicine, new challenges are being posed to people working as nurses, such as: modern medical technologies, trans-formations in the health care system, an ageing population, and increasing public health awareness. Striving for professionalism builds the need for constant improvement of qualifications, updat-ing and broadening of professional knowledge.
Aim of the study. The aim of the study was to discuss various forms of complementary vocational training in nursing in Poland.
Selection of materials. The search was conducted in the Scopus database for the period 2011-2019, using the terms nursing, pro-fessional qualifications in Poland, professional training. The liter-ature found in the Google Scholar database was analysed for the highest number of quotations. The literature selected in this way was used as material for the preparation of this work.
Conclusions. In Poland, after the transformation of the political system, there has been a significant development of professional development in the profession of a nurse. This is evidenced by a wide range of post-graduate education opportunities - both formal and informal.

Keywords: nursing, professional qualifications, professional training



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