Introduction. The history of nursing is closely linked to the history of medicine. Even in ancient times, nursing care was known. The profession as a nurse has its beginning around the 18th century. Throughout the centuries, the profession has been evaluated by building a winnier and formulating the tasks of a modern nursing profession.
The aim of the study. The aim of the work was to present the development of nursing in the world, to characterise the begin-nings of nursing in Poland, to discuss the development of nursing in Poland after World War II, to draw attention to the importance of political and social transformation in Poland after 1989 for shaping the contemporary image and tasks of the nursing profes-sion.
Selection of material. The search was conducted in the Scopus database for the period 2013-2019, using terms such as the histo-ry of world nursing, nursing on Polish territory, the contempo-rary image and tasks of the nursing profession. The literature found in the Google Scholar database was analysed for the high-est number of quotations. The literature selected in this way was used as a material for this work.
Conclusions.The time of political transformation in Poland has brought many changes, gradually adapting education in the pro-fession of nurse to European standards.