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Borys Gusz Zbigniew Kopański Robert Suszko Andreja Solgajová

Abstract

Introduction. Headache is caused by stimulation of peripheral nociceptive devices. This stimulation can be induced by various factors. In the case of primary pain, it should first be determined whether the pain is caused by migraine. You can use the knowledge of the typical symptoms accompanying migraine.
The aim of the study. The aim of this study was to present the characteristics of migraine pain and differential diagnostics.
Selection of material. The search was conducted in the Scopus database using the terms migraine, pathophysiology, diagnostics 2005-2018. The literature found in the Google Scholar database was analysed for the highest number of citations. The literature selected in this way was used as a material for the preparation of this paper.
Conclusions. Headaches usually require specialist help. The treatment offered must be safe and effective. Particularly important in the case of headaches is the consideration of contrain-dications to therapy and appropriate communication with the patient during therapy. Warning symptoms must be taken into account in the entire interpretation of the disease.

Keywords: migraine, pathophysiology, differential diagnosis

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