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Katarzyna Szwamel Donata Kurpas

Abstract

Introduction. Patients of emergency departments, in comparison to the general population, present a higher level of anti-health behavior. Poor health behaviors are strongly associated with greater risk of long stay, emergency admissions and greater use of hospital resources.
The aim of the study. The aim of the study was to determine: sociodemographic and health profile and level of intensity of health behaviors of ED patients depending on sociodemographic variables and the occurrence of chronic diseases.
Materials and Methods. 150 patients of ED in Kędzierzyn-Koźle were studied. The method of a diagnostic survey, a survey technique using the Health Behavior Inventory and authors’ own survey were applied.
Results. The 48% (72/150) group was treated due to chronic diseases. The median number of drugs taken by the patient on a daily basis was 4.50 tablets (min-max; 0.00-16.00). The obesity problem concerned 31.08% of the group (46/148), whereas over-weight - 35.81% (53/148). The average health behavior index was 80.94. The level of health behavior of patients depended on age (p=0.032), gender (p=0.003), marital status (p=0.003), family material status (p=0.040), living in relationship (p=0.019), chronic disease presence (p=0.022).
Conclusions. Differences in the sociodemographic profile significantly determine the level of health behaviors. Health promotion and health education programs aimed at increasing health-promoting behavior should be addressed to target groups of patients in PH (Polish: Podstawowa Opieka Zdrowotna - Primary Healthcare - PH), i.e. to people who have been hospitalized in ED in the past, including in particular men, people aged 18-27, single people, persons with poor material status, people living alone and those without chronic diseases, as these groups represented the lowest level of health behavior.

Keywords: emergency service, hospital, health behaviour, patients

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