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Dawid Makowicz Aneta Grochowska Renata Dziubaszewska Natalia Makowicz

Abstract

Introduction. The dynamic development of society, economy and civilization has a major impact on changes occurring in the work environment, and also causes an increase in exposure to stress of employees. It becomes a growing problem, both in the sphere of work efficiency and in the sphere of employee health. The effects of stress can have a large impact on a range of feelings and behaviors that can indirectly affect the increased risk of heart attack.
The aim of the study. Evaluation of the indirect impact of stress on the development of myocardial infarction.
Materials and methods. The study was carried out using a diagnostic survey using the author's questionnaire. The study group consisted of 200 patients hospitalized in relation to myocardial infarction and a comparative group of 200 people without cardiac problems. The calculations were made using the IBM SPSS Statistics 20 program. The level of significance was specified at the level of p ≤ 0.05.
Results. Stressful lifestyle lead 43% of respondents. The group of smokers was dominated by respondents who smoked up to 20 cigarettes a day and accounted for 30.5% of the entire study group. Respondents in 22,5% declaring that they consume alcohol several times a week. Before the first myocardial infarction, 74.5% of patients were diagnosed with hypertension. Conclusions. Stressful lifestyle is one of the indirect factors determining the appearance of myocardial infarction. Feeling of stress has a significant impact on smoking decisions and frequent consumption of alcohol.

Keywords: stress, myocardial infarction, determinants

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