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Joanna Grzesik-Gąsior Agnieszka Pieczykolan Katarzyna Wiśniewska Izabela Psiuk Agnieszka Bień

Abstract

Introduction. Pregnancy is period of hormonal changes, effecting woman’s body, while postpartum period of struggling with problems in caring for a newborn baby, which is associated with chronic fatigue and a sense of frustration. The level of women's well-being in this period is lower, it loses faith in its own strength, which may lead to more serious emotional disorders. On January 1st 2019 the Regulation of the Minister of Health in regarding the perinatal care standards and one of the newly introduced provisions concerns the screening of the risk of depression in pregnant women and after delivery. Some changes coincide with the symptoms of depression, which is why identifying mental disorders and their differentiation in the perinatal period are extremely necessary.
The aim of the study. The aim of the work is to present the characteristics of emotional changes in the perinatal period and their diagnosis in the light of changes in the organizational standard of perinatal care.
Selection of material. The search for literature was made using the terms: baby blues syndrome, postpartum hypomania, perinatal depression, postnatal psychosis, post-traumatic stress syndrome in the period 1986-2019. The literature found in the Google Scholar database has been analyzed for the highest number of cytosomias. The literature selected in this way was used as a material for this paper.
Conclusions. Early diagnosis will enable instant delivery of psychological support and proper treatment. Because of that medical stuff, taking care of women in perinatal period, should be aware of symptoms of emotional disorders in women during pregnancy and after labour.

Keywords: postpartum sadness, perinatal depression, postpartum psychosis, perinatal care

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