Introduction. The ethical dilemmas of nurses are a particularly complex problem in their professional activity. Often, a nurse is faced with situations in which she has to choose between two values that are considered equally valuable and which cannot be reconciled at the same time, so the choice becomes a dilemma. The high topicality of the subject matter prompted the authors to take up these issues.
Aim of the study. The aim of the paper was to present the bioethical issues that a nurse encounters in her professional work in the care of a palliative care patient.
Selection of material. The research was conducted in the Scopus database using the following terms: bioethics, palliative care, nurse 1999-2018. The literature found in the Google Scholar database was analyzed in terms of the highest number of citations. Such selected literature was used as a material for the preparation of this paper.
Conclusions. The work of a nurse in the field of long-term care is an independent work, carried out in close cooperation with a doctor. In the care of the chronically ill and disabled it is very important to cooperate with the family and other carers of the sick. In the implementation of tasks in the field of long-term care, the nurse should demonstrate extremely high knowledge of changes and risks resulting from chronic diseases limiting fitness and independence, as well as knowledge of bioethics.